مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /SNP exploring in the middle ...
عنوان
SNP exploring in the middle and terminal regions of the IGF-1 gene and association with production and reproduction traits in Holstein cattle
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ‌شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
IGF-1 gene SNP HRM analysis PCR–RFLP Holstein
چکیده
Five primer sets were designed in order to identify single nucleotide polymorphisms (SNPs) in middle and terminal exons (2to6) andinsomeflanking intronic regions of the bovine insulin-like growth factor 1 (IGF-1) gene. Sequencing results of PCR products for 10% of animals showed no variant in exons but a SNP at intron 4 was occurred. Both polymerase chain reaction–restriction fragment length polymorphism (PCR–RFLP) and high resolution melting (HRM) methods were developed to genotype samples. The PCR–RFLP results showed the presence of three fragments on agarose gel for the C allele due to two cleavage sites while two fragments for the T allele were observed. Melting curves of 123 bp fragments in HRManalysis showed a difference between temperaturemelting (Tm) of two homozygous genotypes as the CC genotypes had higher Tm than the TT genotypes.Melting curve of the CT genotype was different and crossed two parallel patterns of homozygous genotypes. The frequencies of the CC, CT and TT genotypes were 0.6, 0.37 and 0.03, respectively. Also, the estimated allele frequencies were 0.785 and 0.215 for the C and T alleles, respectively. Results showed higher accuracy of the HRM analysis compared to the PCR–RFLP method. Least square means (LSMs) comparison of the different genotypes in the SNP showed significant association with milk fat yield trait in the first lactation and open days after the second calving. The polymorphism did not have a significant effect on other milk production or reproduction traits. It seems that other variants or QTLs known in this region underlie genetic variation in the production and reproduction of dairy cattle.
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