مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Tumour shape-dependent ...
عنوان
Tumour shape-dependent microwave hyperthermia using a novel coaxial micro-cut slot antenna
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ‌شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Microwave hyperthermiaMicro-cut slot antennaTumour shapeBlood–tissue interfaces
چکیده
Given that the effectiveness of interstitial hyperthermia for cancer treatment is related to the temperature achieved during the ablation process, there is a need for an accurate understanding of the required temperature distribution which is affected by the physical shape and form of tumours. Although a maximum peak temperature value and minimum backward heating are desired, the temperature distribution needs to be not only high but also uniformly extended over a section instead of at one peak point, especially when a roughly oval-shaped tumour is aligned with the antenna. In this case, achieving a high temperature peak destroys only the central cancerous cells after the first minutes of ablation, leaving the cells on the side alive. In this paper, a complex model was extended for the study of the heat distribution of an antenna over a porous liver composed of blood, cancerous cells, and normal tissue. Three different types of antenna were analysed: single-slot, double-slot, and dipole-tip. A novel structure made up of the single-slot antenna with a micron cut, named the micro-cut slot (MCS) antenna, was proposed and analysed. Thanks to the new structure, high uniform temperature distribution with minimum backward heating was achieved. The extended model equations, which encompass a coupled nonlinear set of transient Maxwell's electromagnetic equations, extended Darcy–Brinkman equation, and local thermal non-equilibrium equations for porous medium approximation, were solved numerically using the novel alternating direction implicit, finite–difference time–domain approach. The results showed that each type of antenna could be useful if chosen according to the shape of the tumour. In comparison with previously used antennas, the MCS antenna presented a good combination of the required goals of achieving uniform high temperature distribution and minimum backward heating.
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