مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Comparison of different ...
عنوان
Comparison of different models for genetic evaluation of egg weight in Mazandaran fowl
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ‌شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Egg weight, Multi-trait model, Repeatability model, Fixed regression model, Random regression model
چکیده
1. The aim of the present study was comparison of different models to estimate variance components for egg weight (EW) in laying hens. 2. The data set included 67,542 EW records of 18,245 Mazandaran hens at 24, 28, 30, 32 and 84 weeks of age, during 19 consecutive generations. Variance components were estimated using multi-trait, repeatability, fixed regression and random regression models (MTM, RM, FRM and RRM, respectively) by AI-REML. The models were compared based on Akaike’s and Bayesian Information Criteria. 3. The MTM was the best model and Legendre RRMs were at second place. A RRM with 2nd degree of fit for fixed regression and 3rd and 2nd degrees of fit for random regressions of direct additive genetic and permanent environmental effects respectively, was the best RRM. The FRM and RM were not proper models to fit the data. However, nesting curves within contemporary groups improved fitting ability of FRM. 4. Heritability estimates for EW by MTM (0.06 - 0.41) were close to the estimates obtained by the best RRM (0.09 – 0.45). In both MTM and RRM, positive genetic correlations were estimated for EW records at different ages, with higher correlations for adjacent records. It seems that the MTM is the best model for EW data, at least when the records are taken in few age points. Though selection based on EW at higher ages might be more precise, but 30 or 32 weeks of age could be considered as the most appropriate time points for selection on EW to maximize genetic improvement per time unit.
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