مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /An Improved Estimation of the ...
عنوان
An Improved Estimation of the Angstrom–Prescott Radiation Coefficients for the FAO56 Penman–Monteith Evapotranspiration Method
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ‌شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
Angstrom–Prescott coefficients . FAO56 Penman–Monteith . Evapotranspiration model . Calibration
چکیده
The FAO56 Penman–Monteith (FAO56-PM) method is known as the standard method for estimating reference evapotranspiration (ET0) in a variety of climate types. Global solar radiation (Rs) is one of the essential inputs of this model, which is usually estimated from the Angstrom–Prescott (AP) method. The major drawback of the FAO56 pre-defined AP coefficients application is that the AP coefficients might need local calibration, to estimate ET0 accurately. The aim of this study is to compare the effect of the FAO56 pre-defined AP coefficients (i.e. a and b) and the locally calibrated ones, on estimating daily ET0 in 15 sites over Iran. Using long-term (1980–2007) experimental global solar radiation data (Rs), new locally calibrated (a) and (b) coefficients are suggested and new ET0 values are determined accordingly. It was found that the range of the calibrated AP coefficients (a, b) are climate dependent and locally different from those of recommended by the FAO56-PM method. Estimated ET0 at daily scale, improved up to 72.7 % when the calibrated AP coefficients were applied instead of FAO56 pre-defined AP coefficients. Based on the results, applying the FAO56 pre-defined AP coefficients (i.e. a=0.25 and b=0.50) in northern subtropical-humid and southern hot climates caused larger ET0 errors. By contrast, the least ET0 errors were found in cool arid and cool semi-arid inland climates, locating about 1,330 above sea level. The correlations between the calibrated AP coefficients and geographical factors are also discussed in this research
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