مشخصات پژوهش

صفحه نخست /Long-term administration ...
عنوان
Long-term administration of Silymarin augments proinflammatory mediators in the hippocampus of rats: Evidence for antioxidant and pro-oxidant effects
نوع پژوهش مقاله چاپ‌شده
کلیدواژه‌ها
antioxidant, interleukin-1b, pro-oxidant, proinflammatory mediators, silymarin
چکیده
Silymarin (SMN) is used as an antioxidant complex to attenuate the pro-oxidant effects of toxic agents. This study was designed to investigate the impact of a long-term administration of SMN on proinflammatory mediators, oxidative stress biomarkers and on the levels of interleukin-1b (IL-1b) transcript in the hippocampus. A total of 40 adult male Wistar rats were assigned into control and test groups. Animals in the test group were subdivided into four subgroups according to the following treatment profile: carbon tetrachloride (CCl4, 0.5 ml/kg), SMN 25, SMN 50 and SMN 100 (mg/kg). The animals received the compounds by gastric gavage. Following the 8-week treatment period, animals in the CCl4 group showed body weight loss, while the test groups except SMN 100 revealed a significant (p < 0.05) positive body weight gain. The levels of nitric oxide (NO) and malondialdehyde (MDA) as pro-oxidant and lipid peroxidation index, respectively, increased in CCl4- and SMN 100-treated groups, while SMN at lower dose levels did not alter the NO and MDA content. The concentration of total thiol molecules increased in the SMN 50 group and showed a remarkable decrease in CCl4 and SMN 100 groups. Animals treated with CCl4 or SMN 100 showed an upregulation of IL-1b, while animals in SMN 25 and SMN 50 groups showed a slight downregulation of expression of IL-1b at the messenger RNA level. These findings suggest that SMN at higher dosage level might exert pro-oxidant effect as an increase in the level of MDA and proinflammatory mediators such as NO, and upregulation of IL-1b in the hippocampus were shown.
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